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For women facing the loss of a breast due to cancer, another study now supports having a breast reconstruction at the same time as the breast cancer surgery. Immediate breast reconstruction together with mastectomy did not increase the risk—with respect to survival, metastases or recurrence—compared with mastectomy alone. These findings confirm other studies that immediate breast reconstruction after mastectomy is safe and is not associated with an increased risk for early recurrence of the breast cancer or death.

The advantages of immediate breast reconstruction include an increased quality of life, better appearance of the reconstructed breast (especially when using skin-sparing or nipple-sparing techniques) and possibly fewer surgeries and recovery periods.

Women facing the loss of a breast should discuss their options with a board certified plastic surgeon. In some situations, a surgeon may recommend  reconstruction after the mastectomy, depending on the need for radiation treatment and other medical issues.